- A -
The ally is usually a heterosexual and cisgender person who supports people of different sexual orientations, identities and gender expressions with the aim of contributing to their well-being or a greater acceptance of their realities. The ally can, however, also be an LGBTQ + person who supports communities other than his own (e.g. a lesbian ally of trans people).
Person whose gender expression and / or gender identity lies between the male and female poles.
Person who does not feel sexual attraction for anyone. Asexuality comes on a spectrum. A person who is on the spectrum of asexuality is commonly called an "ace".
Person who does not feel romantic attraction for anyone. Aromanticism comes on a spectrum. A person who is on this spectrum is commonly called “aro”.
- B -
Person who feels the desire to have emotional and / or sexual relations with people of a gender other than that of the people with whom they usually have these relations, but who does not identify as bisexual.
Negative attitudes towards bisexuality, which can lead to discrimination, direct or indirect, towards bisexual people, or towards people perceived as such. Biphobia is often based on misunderstanding and prejudices such as the idea that bisexual people are more sexually active, unfaithful, or that they don't know what they want. This discrimination can come from heterosexual people as well as from people belonging to other communities of sexual and gender diversity.
Person who feels emotional and / or sexual attraction for two genders.
- C -
Person whose gender identity matches the gender and sex assigned at birth (see sex).
The "coming-out", in French "leaving the closet" or "leaving the wardrobe" is the act of disclosing one's sexual orientation or gender identity to certain people. It is usually a gradual process that begins with a small group of close people (family or friends). It is important to respect the person's choice and never reveal their orientation or gender identity without their consent.
- D -
Sexual and gender diversity
Term encompassing all sexual orientations and the plurality of gender identities and expressions. This term brings together lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans people as well as other communities such as queer, intersex, asexual, two-spirited people, etc. (LGBTQIA2S +).
Drag king / queen
Person who performs a genre other than his own through a character. This genre is often performed in a stereotypical and humorous way. This is an artistic performance, entertainment and / or parody, and not a gender identity or sexual orientation.
Intense sense of unease felt by a trans person, caused by the discrepancy between the sex assigned at birth, society's expectations regarding gender, their body and their gender identity. Dysphoria is not experienced by all trans people.
- F -
“Homoparental family: Refers to any form of family in which at least one of the parents is lesbian, gay or bisexual (LGB). Homoparental families exist in various forms: they can be two-parent, single-parent, blended, adoptive, foster, multi-ethnic, biracial, etc. LGB parents can be cisgender or trans.
Transparent family: Any form of family in which at least one of the parents is trans. A trans person can become a parent before or after entering a transition process, and can be heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual, or of any other orientation. "
Person whose gender identity or sexual orientation is changeable or not limited to the traditional definition of female or male gender.
- G -
Synonymous with homosexual, most often used to refer to a man. Preferred by some to the word "homosexual" because the latter has a medical and sexual connotation.
It's the way you feel inside: male, female, somewhere in between, or neither. This intimate and personal experience is unique to each person. It is not determined by a person's biological sex and can be distinguished from the gender assigned at birth (see trans).
Term encompassing all possible gender identities and gender expressions.
A system which divides humanity into two mutually exclusive genders: male and female. This system does not take into account the diversity found in human beings and excludes intersex people, trans people and non-binary people.
Gender expression is the way a person publicly presents their gender (e.g. behavior, clothing, hairstyle, makeup, etc.). A person's name and common pronoun are popular ways of expressing gender. It is important to remember that gender identity and gender expression are two separate things.
- H -
Heterosexism or heteronormativity is a belief that considers everyone to be heterosexual "by default" and that heterosexuality is inherently better or preferable because it fits the social norm. This belief is often the root cause of homophobia.
Person who only feels attraction to people of a gender other than their own.
Negative attitudes towards homosexuality, which can lead to discrimination, direct or indirect, towards gays, lesbians, bisexuals, or towards people perceived as such. There are also variants of homophobia such as lesbophobia or biphobia when this aversion is more particularly addressed to lesbians or bisexual people.
Person who feels emotional and / or sexual attraction to people of the same gender.
- I -
Intersex people are born with sexual characteristics (genital, hormonal, gonadal or chromosomal) which are not all exclusively "male" or "female" according to current medical standards. In these cases, doctors usually decide the sex of the baby and reinforce that choice with surgery (considered by the United Nations to be mutilation) and / or hormones. Some intersex chromosomal variations may not show any outward signs. In total about 1.7% of the world's population are born with intersex traits. Intersex people can be of any sexual orientation and of any gender expression or identity.
Analysis perspective according to which the condition of a person is to be considered by taking into account the different categories of identities to which this person belongs (e.g .: sex, gender, skin color, ethnicity, class social, gender identity, gender expression, sexual orientation, ability, body shape, nationality, religion, belief, etc.) and how these identities interact with each other to form a separate discrimination.
"Any behavior, word, act or gesture, deliberate or not, of a repetitive nature, expressed directly or indirectly, including in cyberspace, in a context characterized by unequal power relations between the people concerned, having the effect of generating feelings of distress and of harming, hurting, oppressing or ostracizing ”(Gouvernement du Québec, 2012).
- L -
Woman who experiences an emotional and / or sexual attraction to women. Preferred by some to the word "homosexual", because the latter has a medical and sexual connotation.
This acronym has several variations, including LGBT, LGBTQ, LGBTQ +, LGBTQIA + or LGBTQIA2S + (lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, queer or questioning, intersex, asexual, aromantic or allied and two-spirited .le.s (2S)). The "+" sign refers to any other community that is part of sexual and gender diversity not mentioned in the first letters (eg pansexual.le.s, non-binary, etc.).
- M -
Using the wrong first name, the wrong pronouns or the wrong agreements when talking about a person, intentionally or not.
- N -
Spectrum of gender identities and expressions that do not correspond to one of the two binary genders (male or female). Person whose gender identity and / or expression is neither exclusively male nor exclusively female.
- O -
Term used to describe attraction to one type of person (men, women or others). Although it understands the word "sexual", sexual orientation often refers to a combination of several types of attraction, among which may be aesthetic attraction (finding that person beautiful), sensual (desiring physical contact with someone). this person), sexual (wanting sex with this person), intellectual (appreciating this person's intelligence) and romantic (having romantic feelings for this person).
- P -
Person who feels emotional and / or sexual attraction to individuals of all genders (female, male, non-binary).
The usual pronouns are those that correspond to a person's gender identity: eg he, she or iel. If in doubt, ask the person which pronouns to use.
- Q -
Person who identifies with an outside gender identity or sexual orientation outside the norm or fluid. This word can also be used to encompass different LGBTQ + identities (eg “queer culture”).
Note: This term was originally an insult to LGBTQ + people, it has been re-appropriated by many, but some people (especially people who have known this term primarily as an insult) remain uncomfortable with the word. It is best to avoid using this term unless the person uses it to describe themselves.
Person wondering about their sexual orientation or gender identity. This exploration can be done at any age.
- S -
Sex is assigned at birth by the medical profession, often based on the external genitalia. Gender can be established according to several criteria, such as hormones produced by the body, chromosomes and genitals. The sex can be male, female or, when the different criteria are not all aligned, intersex.
- T -
Generic term that designates a person whose gender identity does not correspond to the one assigned to him at birth. The word trans encompasses the words "transgender" and "transsexual", considered obsolete today. Not to be confused with transvestite.
Identity of a trans person. Ex .: Homosexuality and transidentity are not diseases.
The process of moving from one genre to another. It can take on different dimensions: social (e.g. change of pronouns), physical (change of hairstyle or dress style) and / or medical (taking hormones or gender affirmative surgery). This process differs among people and can take different forms. All are valid.
Negative attitudes that can lead to rejection and discrimination, direct or indirect, towards trans people, transvestites, or towards anyone who transgresses gender or norms and representations relating to sex and gender.
(In English "crossdresser") Person who, on occasion, takes the appearance of a genre other than his own, but who does not necessarily identify with that genre. Eg: a man who sometimes wears dresses. This is behavior, not gender identity or sexual orientation.
In some Indigenous communities, a person who embodies characteristics and qualities considered to be both masculine and feminine. It can be both a question of gender identity, gender expression and sexual orientation. Two-Spirit is symbolized by the "2S" in the acronym LGBTQI2S +.
Note : The definitions given in this glossary are indicative only and are not exhaustive. The vocabulary associated with sexual and gender diversity is constantly evolving. It is therefore important to take into account the way in which the person identifies himself.